Barbados is considered separate from both the Leeward and Windward islands in the Caribbean, being located about 168 km east of Saint Vincent and 400 km north-east of Trinidad. A flat island, it has been devastated by deforestation as well as by introduced mongooses and green monkeys (Chlorocebus sabaeus). 

The Barbados leaf-toed gecko (Phyllodactylus pulcher) is confined to rocky coastal areas on Barbados and Culpepper Island, a small satellite. 

The Barbados skink (Alinea lanceolata) is known only from three specimens and not seen since 1889. 

The Barbados false coral snake (Erythrolamprus perfuscus) was formerly widespread and common, but has not been recorded since before 1963. It is now considered to be extinct. 

The Barbados threadsnake (Tetracheilostoma carlae) has only ever rarely been recorded, the last time being in 2005.